The formula of BCN Lumen-Peptides lightens hyperpigmented areas of the skin and prevents the formation of new imperfections on the face and body thanks to the synergy of three types of active ingredients which reduce melanogenic factors, inhibit melanin synthesis and increase cell detoxification. These are the new generation peptides, the pigment-removing tyrosinase inhibitors (α-arbutin and extract of liquorice root) and finally, powerful anti-oxidant active ingredients (3-O-ethyl ascorbic acid, thioctic acid, vitamin B3 and glutathione). The other ingredients of this product, hyaluronic acid, vitamins, minerals and amino acids, help overall to maintain a healthy skin, that is well-nourished, perfectly-hydrated, clear, blemish-free and younger-looking. It is suitable to be used for melasma, age spots, hyperpigmentation during pregnancy, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation and blemishes associated with sunburn.
Skin pigmentation is caused by the synthesis of melanin by the melanocytes through a process called melanogenesis. After the melanin pigments are synthesized, they are then transferred to the keratinocytes (the most abundant cells on the skin surface), in cellular vesicles called melanosomes. The more melanosomes that reach the keratinocytes on the surface, the darker the skin becomes. In fact, the skin produces two types of melanin: pheomelanin, in people with pale skin and red hair and eumelanin, in people with darker skin and hair and people with black skin.
Melanin synthesis is produced from the amino acid tyrosine. Tyrosine, in the presence of the enzyme tyrosinase and oxygen, is oxidized to dopa, which, in turn, is oxidized to dopaquinone. The dopaquinone then spontaneously converts to leucodopachrome, which easily oxidates to dopachrome. The dopachrome loses its carboxyl and is reorganised to form melanin.
The combination of active ingredients in BCN Lumen Advanced-Peptides acts on all stages of this process of melanin production in order to achieve a depigmenting, lightening and balancing effect on the skin, thanks to the synergistic and combined action of the three types of active ingredients: the new generation biopeptides (oligopeptides 51, 34 and 58, the decapeptide 15 and the acetyl-glycine-beta-alanine), the pigment-removing tyrosinase inhibitors (α-arbutin and extract of liquorice root) and the anti-oxidants, such as ascorbic acid, thioctic acid, vitamin B3 and glutathione.
This product also reduces melanogenic factors, inhibits melanin synthesis and increases cell detoxification. These actions have the following effects: